Perspectives of Law and Public Administration

Table of Contents

  • Contents


  • Adriana Iuliana STANCU

    Abstract:
    The advantages of new technologies are successfully used not only for progress, but also for improving criminal activity. Cybercriminality is currently acquiring new dimensions, such as: increased organization degree of the groups activating in this crime field; greater degree of specialization and technical resources in view of committing crimes by these groups; diversification of operating scope, from card fraud and illegal card operations, to spreading pornographic material, software piracy, illegal accessing of computer systems, and to theft and illegal trafficking of confidential data and blog crime.
    Keywords: blog crime, cross-border character, cybercriminality
    JEL Classification: K14, K24

    BLOGGING CRIME
        Page 124

  • Avdullah ROBAJ
    Abstract:
    The study is a result of the research-scientific work and observation of the modernization of public administration in the Republic of Kosovo, as a goal and purpose of the government in the function of public administration reforms to make it more efficient, more economical and more accountable according to EU standards. Public administration is one of the main segments through which relations among the state, civil society and the private sector are realized. In this regard, support for innovation in public administration enables the realization of development objectives, in particular in economic advantages, poverty reduction, institutional harmony and stability. Modernization of public administration in Kosovo can be defined as a challenge in making significant government changes, decentralization of public administration, simplification of procedures, informalization of services and e-government at all levels of administration and improvement in the field of human resource development. Through digitalisation and egovernment, Kosovo public administration becomes compatible with those of the EU states. The principles and standards of good administration derive from EU legislation and jurisprudence, as well as the good administrative practice of EU member states.
    Keywords:public administration, modernization, civil service, e-government
    JEL Classification:H83, K23
    MODERNIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO
        Page 128
  • Marta-Claudia CLIZA; Laura-Cristiana SPĂTARU-NEGURĂ
    Abstract:
    The present study started from our wish to present to the large audience the economic, social and cultural rights enshrined in an international legal instrument, adopted by the Council of Europe, instrument that is not very under scrutiny by the specialists. The revised European Social Charter completes the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and should be interpreted as creating fundamental economic, social and cultural rights. Although contested sometimes, because of its construction, as having a limited purpose, different than the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, we consider that it was conceived like this in order to offer flexibility, giving the chance to the states to choose the rights they will guarantee. We consider that disseminating the revised European Social Charter would increase the domestic reforms in the social area and would facilitate the insurance of the economic, social and cultural rights specified under this instrument, in order to improve the level of life and to promote the social welfare of the member states of the Council of Europe.
    Keywords: revised European Social Charter; Council of Europe; economic, social and cultural rights, European Committee of Social Rights.
    JEL Classification:K33, K38
    SHORT CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS ENSHRINED IN THE REVISED EUROPEAN SOCIAL CHARTER
        Page 133
  • Cosmin SOARE
    Abstract:
    The new climatic, industrial, economic and social realities, as well as their evolving perspectives, have led in the last decades to a particularly careful approach to renewable energy sources. Thus, clear objectives for ensuring public regulations and policies favoring the development and use of energy from renewable sources have been set out. Romania has rallied to the European model that aims to ensure energy security with competitive and clean energy. The statistical data show that the progress is considerable and that Romania has mastered the objectives and targets thus assumed. One of the current challenges is to ensure a unitary development of all renewable energy sources that have potential at national level for sustainable development. Among these, special attention is paid to biomass, especially to energy crops. The justification consists, on the one hand, of the very low level of development compared to the actual capacities, and, on the other hand, the intervention of some legislative changes that seem to continue to hinder this development.
    Keywords: renewable energy, sources, European objectives, European policies, energy security, clean energy, biomass, energy crops.
    JEL Classification:K32, K33
    RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES. SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE APPROACH OF ENERGY CROPS AT NATIONAL LEVEL TO THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT
        Page 142
  • Adriana DEAC
    Abstract:
    The entry into force on 25 May 2018 of Regulation (EU) 2016/6792 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, the so-called RGPD Regulation, is an important moment in protecting the citizens of the European Union from the point of view of the use of personal data. The present paper aims at presenting the fundamental principles underpinning the European Parliament's and Council's re-regulation, the persons to whom these regulations apply, the obligations that public authorities or bodies have to fulfill, as well as the rights of the citizens of the European Union in this context
    Keywords: RGPD Regulation, Personal Data Protection, Personal Data Operator, Data Protection Officer.
    JEL Classification:K23, K38
    REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL ON THE PROTECTION OF INDIVIDUALS WITH REGARD TO THE PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA AND THE FREE MOVEMENT OF THESE DATA
        Page 151
  • Elena Emilia ȘTEFAN

    Abstract:
    31st July, 2018, Law no. 190/2018 regarding the application measures of the EU Regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and Council from April 27th, 2016 regarding the private person’s protection concerning the private data and regarding the free circulation of this data and the 95/46/CE Directive abrogation (General Data Protection Regulation). In the European Union member States, the activity of checking the legislation regarding the personal data is done by the institutions or the authorities that are especially founded, to exert these competences. In Romania this public authority is called the “National Authority of Supervising the Personal Data Processing”. This study analyses the interference between the personal data protection and the contraventional law beginning with the entry into force of the general Regulation regarding the protection of the personal data and the impact of this European act on the Romanian society. Using scientific methods such as the comparative, deductive, informatic and also other methods, the study aims to highlight the interest of the public and private sector to abide to the rules established by the new general regulation regarding the data protection
    Keywords: personal data, contravention, remediation plan, G.D.P.R., the National Authority of Supervising the Personal Data.
    JEL Classification:K23, K33, K38.
    INTERFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROTECTION OF PERSONAL DATA AND CONTRAVENTIONAL LEGISLATION OF THE RADAR DEVICE
        Page 157
  • Bogdan Sebastian GAVRILĂ
    Abstract:
    This paper seeks to establish a suitable working hypothesis for the situation mentioned in the title, referring to the fact that on many occasions the practice of the courts was not constant, leading to diametrically opposed solutions in similar cases, with very significant effects on the litigant parties. It is the case where some of the debtors, whose claim has been admitted by the court, all obligations arising from a bank loan contract subject to a forced execution having ceased, were no longer obliged to cover the difference between the principal debt due and the amount of money earned from the forced sale of the mortgaged property. On the other hand, other debtors, whose case regarding the extinction of the debt due to the forced execution of the mortgaged property, was dismissed, since the remission of the good was not voluntarily, and who were found in the situation where the forced execution was continued for the remaining debit after the distribution of the proceeds from the sale of the adjudged asset. The debt was usually employed penalizing interest and thus the forced execution proceedings continued until all outstanding amounts were extinguished. The analysis will follow the applicable law and jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court of Romania, the relevant doctrine and jurisprudence, in order to identify an appropriate solution to the problem of law.
    Keywords: Law no. 77/2016, Constitutional Court of Romania, decision no. 623/2016, previously sold immovable asset.
    JEL Classification: K14, K39, K41
    APPLICABILITY OF LAW NO. 77/2016, IN RELATION TO THE RELEVANT JURISPRUDENCE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF ROMANIA IN THE SITUATION OF A FORCED EXECUTATION BEFORE THE ENTRY INTO FORCE OF THE LEGAL TEXT
        Page 164
  • George MARA
    Abstract:
    Due to recent changes in the field of the judicial error regulations, that lead to a new definition of the concept and to the creation of a dual system of liability for the damage caused through a judicial error (on one hand, an objective liability of the State and, on the other hand, a personal liability of the magistrate), the paper aims to reflect the potential impact these new regulations can cause in the field of the judicial activity. The solutions for which the lawmaker opted will be analysed, by comparison with similar regulations that exist in various European law systems (which represents also a source of inspiration for the law making process) and proposal will be made, in order to ensure an effective and uniform law application. The research methods used in order to achieve this aim are the comparative method, the analytic and historical methods.
    Keywords: judicial error, civil liability, comparative law, Spain, French.
    JEL Classification: K41
    JUDICIAL ERROR. NOTIONS OF COMPARATIVE LAW
        Page 171
  • Petrit BUSHI
    Abstract:
    This paper presents an overview of legislative activity in Kosovo in the field of the justice for minors focused after 2004 year. The goal of paper is to offer the legal and institutional experience ragarding the criminal responsibility of minors, procedural regulations related to investigation, prosecution, judicial process, execution of decisions, rehabilitation as well as every measure that has do to with the minor as a victim or as a witness, or any measure which covers the conflict with the law and a minor victim or/and witness of penal act. Problems of minors in the conflict with the law are complex and they require inclusion of many actors before and after the criminal act is done. Without an inclusion of all actors, the system of juvenile justice will not be effective. Paper is focused in the juvenile justice including the penal sanction, diversity measures and education measures. For the needs of this paper the combined methodology is used with the methods of comparaison analysis and the method of sistemic analysis. Paper reviews the legal basis of juvenile justice in Kosovo in order to explain how effective it was from 2004 to 2017 year. Findings witness that legislative measures have not achieved needed efficiency regarding its implementation.
    Keywords: juvenile justice, diversity measures, education measures, mediation
    JEL Classification: K14, K36
  • ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATION ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY – KOSOVO CASEE
        Page 178

  • Ioana RUSU
    Abstract:
    In this paper we have considered the offense of favoring the perpetrator in terms of constitutive content, the cause of non-punishment, some legislative precedents and the transitional situation in which we are with the entry into force of the Criminal Code. Also, on the occasion of the examination, we have formulated some critical comments, supplemented by appropriate de lege ferenda proposals regarding the legal content of the text of incrimination, namely the use of the terms of criminal prosecution, the prosecution and the execution of a custodial measure. The novelty of the paper consists in the analysis carried out, as well as in the critical opinions and the de lege ferenda proposals. The present work is part of the examinations carried out in order to promote a university course of criminal law. The work may be useful to students and master students of law faculties, as well as to practitioners in the field and to the legislator from the point of view of operating the mentioned modifications and additions.
    Keywords: Constitutive content; cause of non-punishment, legislative precedents, de lege ferenda proposals
    JEL Classification:K14
    SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE OFFENSE OF FAVORING THE OFFENDER IN THE ROMANIAN CRIMINAL LAW
        Page 183
  • Andrea KAJCSA
    Abstract:
    Public access and data protection are both fundamental rights provided for in a wide range of legislation at the national Romanian level and European level. Usually, there is no hierarchical order and no clashes between the two rights. Still, given that the purpose of the right to access to official public documents is to foster access to all documents, whereas the Data Protection Regulation must guarantee the protection of personal data, a tension can arise in some cases. We try in our paper to analyze how these two rights have intertwined before the GDPR and will continue to cross paths after this entered into force. The study uses the logical method, analyzes the legal provisions, as well as the solutions derived from the judicial practice. The conclusions aim at unrevealing some pointers for good practice in the public administration.
    Keywords: GDPR, personal data, public authority, public information, official documents
    JEL Classification:K23, K38
    ACCESS TO OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS IN THE LIGHT OF THE GENERAL DATA PROTECTION REGULATION
        Page 193
  • Lacrima Rodica BOILĂ
    Abstract:
    The institution of Tort Criminal Responsibility faced this millennial beginning with a real "crisis" by affirming reformist ideas placed between tradition and modernity, present and future, subjective and objective. The increase and diversification of the damage, on the one hand, but also the real difficulties in identifying the responsible person and proving his culpability, on the other hand, call into question the need to harmonize the legal norm with the realities of social life, providing the legal framework for reparation of all injustice caused. In the evolution of this legal institution three phases have emerged: sanctioning, based on fault, aimed at punishing the guilty of producing damage, reparation, based on warranty, risk and equity, aiming mainly to ensure the legal framework to cover the indemnity independent of the fault to the responsible person for the restoration of the destroyed and preventive social balance, consisting in anticipating and avoiding serious, immeasurable, environmentally damaging, human existence, not yet produced but possible. Our study aims at presenting the main issues regarding the foundation of tort law in the current Civil Code, taking into account the realities of contemporary society, to highlight the innovative, progressive aspects, capable of providing more effective protection to the victims of the illicit deeds
    Keywords: civil liability, guilt, risk, warranty, equity, civil law.
    JEL Classification: K13, K15
    A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON THE BASICS OF CIVIL TORT LIABILITY IN THE CURRENT CIVIL CODE
        Page 199
  • Laura RUDNYANSZKY
    Abstract:
    International commercial arbitration system is enshrined in both national legislation and international conventions. The power of the arbitrators to resolve the dispute is conferred by the parties, who agree that their litigation be brought to the attention of private individuals. To that end, the parties to the dispute designate the arbitrators and undertake to accept the decision they will make. Such a procedure has three distinctive characters: arbitrary, commercial and international2. The importance and effectiveness of arbitration in international relations have been recognized by the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe of 1 August 1975. In order to contribute to the development and promotion of trade and cooperation, the participating States at the Helsinki Conference recommend to bodies, firms in their countries include, where appropriate, arbitration clauses in commercial contracts and industrial cooperation agreements or special convention. In the same spirit, the United Nations General Assembly recommends, in its preamble to Resolution no. 31/98 of 15 December 1976, which adopted the Arbitration Regulation drawn up by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, its dissemination and its widest possible application in the world, thus recognizing the usefulness of arbitration as a method of settling disputes arising from international trade relations.3In conclusion, in international trade relations, most of the litigation between participants is settled by arbitration as a form of private jurisdiction. Arbitration is an appropriate means to quickly and fairly regulate disputes that may result from commercial transactions in the field of goods and services exchanges.
    Keywords: foreign arbitration, arbitrary decisions, conventional law, arbitrary procedure in international trade disputes.
    JEL Classification: K12, K33, K41
    RECOGNITION AND EXECUTION OF FOREIGN ARBITRATION JUDGMENTS
        Page 205
  • Aurel Octavian PASAT
    Abstract:
    This scientific article aims at the interdisciplinary research of the concept of propaganda through the perspective of sociological, political and legal sciences, as well as the substantiation of a relevant study in the field of criminal liability for criminal acts that are committed in the form of propaganda. Therefore, as the objectives proposed for this study will serve the following: research into the contemporary doctrine in the field of sociology, political science and jurisprudence for the formulation of a concept relevant to the science of criminal law; the synthesis of characteristic traits of propaganda (deliberate action in the form of systematic communication) as ways of committing crimes that are incriminated in the contemporary criminal law of Romania and the Republic of Moldova; conducting a differentiated comparative study of the legal-criminal norms in the Special Part of the Criminal Code of Romania, as well as the Special Part of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Moldova; demonstrating inconsistencies in legislative technique that have been dropped from the legislator's view and suggesting suggestions for improving both criminal science and the criminal legislation in force in both countries. Methods of research have been chosen systemic method, comparative method, analysis and synthesis. The author carried out the investigation of comparative comparative criminal and extrapenal norms (Romania, Republic of Moldova), identified some gaps in the legal technique, and demonstrated the need to revise some legislative concepts that will ultimately contribute to the reconceptualization of the criminal law in force crimes involving elements of propaganda.

    Keywords: propaganda; deliberate communication; conviction; influencing the public; criminality of extremist nature; war propaganda; propaganda of extremism; the extremist-terrorist offense; extremism; terrorism .
    JEL Classification: K14
    THE „PROPAGANDA” CONCEPT IN THE CONTEMPORARY DOCTRINE AND THE CRIMINAL LAW OF ROMANIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
        Page 214
  • Roxana Maria ROBA
    Abstract:
    Regulated for the first time by the Civil Code from 2009, compensatory benefit seeks to compensate for a significant imbalance that the divorce produces it in terms of the innocent husband's living conditions. The present study aims to analyze the necessary conditions to obtain a compensatory benefit according to the current legislation, to make a comparison with other institutions but also with the regulation from other legislation. The study uses the logical and comparative method, analyzes the legal provisions currently in force, as well as the point of view of the doctrine and the solutions derived from the judicial practice. The conclusions are in the direction of expressing concrete proposals to amend the current regulations.
    Keywords: compensatory benefit, divorce, imbalance, compensation
    JEL Classification:K36
    CONSIDERATIONS ON COMPENSATORY PROVISION
        Page 227
  • Cătălin-Radu PAVEL
    Abstract:
    The present study aims to analyse the selective administrative aspects regarding the granting of the right of a person aggrieved by a public authority in Romania. The right of a person – natural person or juridical entity – aggrieved by a public authority in Romania is regulated by the Article 52 of the Constitution of Romania. Therefore, this fundamental right which guarantees also the right of the players in economy, being granted at the Constitutional level, ensures a good administration of the rule of law and grants a safety of the economic and business climate in Romania. It is granted the fundamental right of a person aggrieved through an administrative deed or through a request which was not settled within the legal time limit and, at the same time, by granting to that person a right to approach the competent authorities and to be entitled to obtain the recognition of the claimed right or of the legitimate interest, with the annulment of the deed and the repair of prejudice, respectively. The liability of the Romanian State for miscarriage of justice, as well as its right of recourse against the magistrates who acted in bad faith or serious neglect in their position are also granted. The methods used in drawing up this study are: the comparative method, the historical method, the logical method, the sociological method and the quantitative method. The results of this research have highlighted the juridical, constitutional and administrative ways of defence for the natural person or juridical entity – aggrieved by a public authority in Romania.
    Keywords: the right of a person aggrieved by a public authority in Romania, good administration, Romanian Constitution, economic and business climate in Romania, rule of law.
    JEL Classification:K23
    THE GUARANTEE OF THE RIGHT OF A PERSON AGGRIEVED BY A PUBLIC AUTHORITY IN ROMANIA - SELECTIVE ADMINISTRATIVE ASPECTS
        Page 233
  • Wioleta BARANOWSKA-ZAJĄC
    Abstract:
    Public-private partnership is one of the forms of cooperation between public entities and non-public sector entities, undertaken on the basis of an agreement for the performance of public tasks. Such a cooperation is covered by a strictly defined legal framework, which guarantees on the one hand the achievement of public law objectives and makes a guarantee of the protection of public interest. On the other hand, however, such legal framework creates a barrier to the development of cooperation between public sector and private sector. The Polish Act of 28 July 2005 and another Act of 19 December 2008 concerning public-private partnership, proved to be ineffective for real and efficient implementation of public tasks in the analyzed formula. The provisions of the latter Act do not, however, lead to significant increase in the number of agreements concerning public-private partnership. Through the amendment of 5 July 2018 there were made in the Act of 2008 some significant changes, starting from definition of public-private partnership, introducing the obligation for public entity to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of undertaking under public-private partnership as compared to effectiveness of its otherwise, criteria for the selection of a partner, the possibility of concluding public-private partnership agreement with a subsidiary of private partner, control of partnership, up to the partnership in the form of company and the task of public administration body established as competent in partnership matters. The purpose of the study is to analyze the amendments in the Act of 2008 concerning public-private partnership and attempt to assess the impact of these amendments on the efficiency, effectiveness and speed of public administration tasks, as well as to examine if these amendments are able to lead to significant increase in the number of agreements on public-private partnership concluded by central administrative bodies, as well as local selh-government units
    Keywords: public-private partnership, amendments in the act, efficiency, effectiveness, public tasks.
    JEL Classification:H83, K23
    WOULD AMENDMENTS FROM 2018 IN THE ACT ON PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AFFECT THE INCREASE OF THE SCOPE OF PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC TASKS IN PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FORMULA IN POLAND?
        Page 242
  • Raluca Antoanetta TOMESCU
    Abstract:
    Tort liability has always been a constant manifestation of social life in the community, having as its main effect the birth of a new legal obligational relationship established between the author of the deed which caused the prejudice and the injured person. Apodictically, legal liability will result in an attempt to repair the damage created mainly in kind, and when it is no longer possible to repair the damage, it will be in the form of damages established legally or judicially, or in the form of a penality claim in the case of conventional damage. From this perspective, we considered it appropriate to emphasize the effects on the penality clause of the hypothesis of intervention on the contract with another sanction of law, applicable in the case of culpable non-fulfilment of the contractual obligations, namely cessation or termination. The current Civil Code determines that, upon termination of the contract, the parties will be released from any obligation. Therefore, by termination of the contract, as a result of the declaration of termination, respectively of the cessation, the obligations stipulated in the penality clause are abolished, because the source itself was abolished, as we can no longer speak of a contractual obligational liability. Of course, in this hypothesis, the creditor will have at hand to claim non-contractual damages, where the person who considers himself prejudiced has to prove the damage and its source.
    Keywords: damages, penalty clause, compensatory damage, moratory damage.
    JEL Classification:K12, K13
    TORT LIABILITY. DAMAGES AND PENALITY CLAUSE
        Page 254
  • Oana ȘARAMET; Georgeta-Bianca SPÎRCHEZ
    Abstract:
    In the contemporary society, the constitutional and/or legal enshrinement of the discretionary power of the public authorities, including those from the public administration, is understandable, it is a true "given" that must have a legal recognition for them. This margin of appreciation, which gives these authorities the possibility to carry out, generically speaking, their activity in order to satisfy the public interest, must have some barriers imposed to limit their action solely to the boundaries imposed by the legislator. Always, as a true axiom, governors holding power will, at least, want to keep it within the limits held, if not even beyond the required legal "boundaries" imposed, in order to assign more prerogatives for themselves. However, in order to overcome this trend, it is also necessary to build a legal system of control, including judiciary, following which the actions of the authorities mentioned should be reframed into the legality matrix imposed by the legislator. The modalities, levers, limits set by the legislator in this respect consider various aspects, including principles, such as the principle of proportionality. This paper aims, by using the specific methods such as the comparative, grammatical, logical, systemic and teleological one, to capture not only the theoretical aspects regarding the discretionary power, the principle of proportionality, respectively the interconnections between them, but also the jurisprudential aspects regarding the limits set to the discretionary power by means of this principle, limits deriving from the judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union.
    Keywords: the principle of proportionality, discretionary power, limits, case-law, the Court of Justice of the European Union.
    JEL Classification:K10, K23
    LIMITS OF THE DISCRETIONARY POWER ESTABLISHED THROUGH ENFORCING THE EUROPEAN PRINCIPLE OF PROPORTIONALITY
        Page 260
  • Marioara ȚICHINDELEAN
    Abstract:
    Part-time working is a method of ensuring the reconciliation between professional life and family life, the possibility of undergoing education and training, of improving the qualification and of opening new professional opportunities to the mutual advantage of employers and employees in a manner that supports the development of enterprises. Employees’ rights based upon a part-time labour agreement can be grouped in rights given unconditionally or rights conditioned by the performance of a certain volume of work, the latter being a characteristic of this type of labour agreement, taken from the special regulation. In this survey we will refer to particular aspects of certain rights given to the employee who performs part-time working, namely: the right to a salary for the work carried out, to weekly rest, the right to annual rest leave, seniority, length of service in this field and retirement contribution.
    Keywords: part-time working, part-time labour agreement, right to salary for the work carried out, weekly rest, seniority, length of service and retirement contribution
    JEL Classification:K31
    PART-TIME WORK: PARTICULARITIES OF EMPLOYEE RIGHTS
        Page 271
  • Teodor Narcis GODEANU
    Abstract:
    The study analyzes the general legal regime of pension rights, in the view of the Constitution and the current legislation, referring to the recent decision of the Constitutional Court no. 387/2018, which allowed an exception of unconstitutionality and it was found that the provisions of art. 53 par. (1) letter c) of the Labor Code are constitutional insofar as the phrase "standard age conditions" does not exclude the possibility for women to request the continuation of the individual labor contract under identical conditions with the man until the age of 65 years. Such a solution leads to the conclusion that the woman can, without being obliged to continue her activity until the age of 65, thus eliminating a rule which has long been in the legislation, considered by some specialists to be discriminatory, also embraced by the Constitutional Court by that decision.
    Keywords: the right to retirement, standard retirement age, minimum contribution period, employee, other categories of staff, woman, male, discrimination.
    JEL Classification:K31, K38
    THE RIGHT TO RETIREMENT IN THE "REVOLUTIONARY" VISION OF THE ROMANIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT
        Page 279

 




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ISSN 2601-7830  
ISSN–L 2601-7830 
ETHICS AND MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
Assumption of Liability Declaration

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