Table of Contents

  • Contents


  • Assistant professor Biljana ČINČURAK ERCEG; Professor Aleksandra VASILJ; Spec. publ. adm. Samir VUDRIĆ

    Abstract:
    In order for transport to function adequately, existing legislation needs to be harmonised and adapted. The Road Transport Act of the Republic of Croatia, with its 2018 amendments, introduced important innovations in the regulation of contracts for transport in domestic road transport, which leads to significant difficulties in the conduct of modern public passenger transport. It was expected that the amendments to this Act would finally and adequately solve the problems related to road transport contracts, which both theory and practice have been warning about for many years. However, again an appropriate solution was not put forward, so Croatian regulation led to noncompliance with international treaties and modern European solutions. Taxi transport as a part of public transport is therefore not adequately regulated. The aim of the amendments to the Road Transport Act was to liberalise the taxi market and facilitate the use of this service, but there were also some negative consequences. In our opinion, the amendments to the provisions on road transport contracts have brought legal uncertainty and made it more difficult to exercise the rights under the transport contract. The paper analyses the changes in Croatian regulations, compares them with the provisions of international conventions and presents the case law of the European Court related to changes to the regulations of passenger transport by taxi. Solutions to the problem of legal regulation of road transport contracts in the Republic of Croatia are proposed at the end of the paper.
    Keywords: law, Roman law, Law of the Twelve Tables, sources of law, civil procedure.
    JEL Classification:K12
    1. LEGAL (NON)COMPLIANCE OF TAXI TRANSPORT IN THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA WITH MODERN INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN SOLUTIONS
        Page 5

  • Associate professor Avdullah ROBAJ
    Abstract:
    Marriage is the oldest and most important social legal institution. It is the basis of the family and its duty is to perform numerous social functions. Humans, in their life, as a primary goal have marital union, family creation, living conditions, personal and family well-being. Humans complete themselves with a healthy marriage and with the creation of a healthy family. The basis of the family in Islam is the almost precisely defined blood relationship and the marital agreement. Whereas marriage in secular law is a specific union, from the content of which derive its purposes. The purposes of marriage in secular law are: the purpose of cohabitation, the purpose of marital solidarity and the social purpose. Islam shows special care in strengthening the family and protecting it from everything that damages and undermines its structure, because the organisation of the family with its members guarantees the organisation of individuals and society in general. Islam has an average position between categorical prohibition and unqualified liberalization of divorce. While according to Islamic Sharia divorce is an act of the will, of the wife or the husband, to request if the marital relationship has been seriously or continuously disrupted, or when for other reasons it has been irrevocably dissolved. According to secular law, divorce cannot occur otherwise except by decision of the competent court, at the request of one spouse, or both.
    Keywords:engagement, marriage, family, Islamic Sharia, divorce
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    2. MARRIAGE ACCORDING TO THE ISLAMIC LAW (SHARIA) AND THE SECULAR LAW
        Page 19

  • PhD. student Cristina CHIHAI
    Abstract:
    The classification of a prejudicial act pursuant to Article 2411 [Illegal Practice of Financial Activity] of the Penal Code of the Republic of Moldova depends directly on the accurate determination of the crime objective and subjective constituents. The starting point to this end is to define the subject-matter of crime. This paper is aimed to review the complexity of the subject-matter of crimes related to illegal practice of financial activity. Hence, the social relations on the national economy are the generic legal subject-matter of the crime concerned. Moreover, the subgroup legal subject-matter is also present due to the wide scope of the national economy, which incorporates different spheres of activity. In case of crimes related to illegal practice of financial activity this subject-matter is composed of social relations covering the entrepreneurial activity. Ultimately, we shall mention that the identification of social relations affected by the committed crime involves truthful and consistent application, by the law enforcement bodies, of the provision set forth by Article 2411 of the Penal Code of the Republic of Moldova.
    Keywords: generic subject-matter, subgroup subject-matter, national economy, entrepreneurial activity, financial activity, financial means.
    JEL Classification:K14
    3. THE LEGAL GENERIC AND SUBGROUP SUBJECT-MATTER OF CRIMES RELATED TO ILLEGAL PRACTICE OF FINANCIAL ACTIVITY
        Page 21

  • Assistant professor Elsa ZYBERAI
    Abstract:
    Written documents, photographs, audio documents, electronically or otherwise are evidence of the time they were created. They eternally preserve the human memory, namely the cultural treasure, the cultural heritage of a people, region or country. The debate on the role of the public administrator in the management and storage of documentation is complex and continues to this day. The purpose of this paper aims to explore the role that public administration has in the management, storage and archiving of public documentation. The development of technology has also brought about a change in the way and administration of documentation. In this perspective, the specific purpose of this paper is the treatment and analysis of the concept of traditional and modern systematization of public documentation in state institutions. The use of historical methods, analysis, comparison will enable the finding of results and recommendations regarding the role of public administration in the management, storage and archiving of public documentation.
    Keywords: Administration, archive, management, implementation, storage, organization.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    4. THE ROLE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN DRAWING, MANAGEING AND STORING PUBLIC DOCUMENTATION
        Page 33

  • PhD. Friedrich HAMADZIRIPI; Professor Howard CHITIMIRA
    Abstract:
    This article provides a comparative analysis of company directors’ accountability and the application of the duty of care, skill and diligence under the South African and Zimbabwean company law. Notably, Zimbabwe has recently partially codified company directors’ duty of care, skill and diligence for the first time in the Companies and Other Business Entities Act [Chapter 24:31] 4 of 2019 (COBE Act), which came into effect on 13 February 2020. On the other hand, the Companies Act 71 of 2008 (Companies Act 2008) of South Africa also partially codified company directors’ duty of care, skill and diligence and it came into effect on 1 May 2011. Consequently, South Africa has developed some good academic literature and jurisprudence on the duties of company directors for almost a decade. This is one of the reasons why South Africa’s Companies Act 2008 was chosen for a comparative analysis with Zimbabwe’s COBE Act on directors’ duties. Accordingly, the article discusses the gaps and flaws in the relevant company laws in South Africa and Zimbabwe in relation to the interpretation and application of the directors’ duty of care, skill and diligence. This is done to recommend some measures that could be adopted by the relevant regulatory bodies and companies to enhance their directors’ accountability in both jurisdictions.
    Keywords: company directors, duty of care, skill and diligence, business judgment rule, director accountability.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    5. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPANY DIRECTORS’ ACCOUNTABILITY AND THE STATUTORY DUTY OF CARE, SKILL AND DILIGENCE IN SOUTH AFRICA AND ZIMBABWE
        Page 38

  • Senior lecturer Jean Chrysostome KANAMUGIRE

    Abstract:
    Refugees have a potential to separate with their family members when they flee in order to seek asylum in other countries. This often occurs as many refugees do not have time to plan for their flight. Family unit is a fundamental group unit for society and is essential for refugees. For this reason, the refugee status is also extended to family members of a recognised refugee. International refugee law does not specifically provide for family reunification for refugees. However, some international and regional instruments contain specific provisions dealing with family reunification for refugees. States should have a duty to allow family members of refugees to enter the country of asylum for the purpose of family reunification. Furthermore, asylum states should allow refugees to marry persons of their choice and promote the integrity of the family. This indicates that states should provide humanitarian visas to individuals to join their family in refugee matters. Special attention should be given to minor children and unaccompanied refugee children to ensure that they grow in a family environment through guardianship and adoption. This study investigates the reunification of refugees in South Africa, United Kingdom, Bosnia Herzegovina and Belgium.
    Keywords: refugee family, reunification, refugee children, unaccompanied refugee children, adoption, guardianship.
    JEL Classification:K33, K38
    6. FAMILY REUNIFICATION FOR REFUGEES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
        Page 50

  • Assistant professor Kastriote VLAHNA; Professor Hajredin KUÇI
    Abstract:
    An established as well as acquired easement right (recorded in the public real estate books) may have reasons that may lead to the termination of this right. The right of real servitude exists to perform a certain function, a certain social role. And when for some reason this function of the right of servitude can not be applied in practice, then the right of servitude ends or may be extinguished. As with all other legal relationships, and with the servitude relationships with which the legal relationship was created or changed, I can reach a point where that relationship is extinguished. When we talk about a legal relationship, we say that it is the relationship in which a legal title can be created, changed or even extinguished on a certain thing or right. In the present case, the right of servitude is created by a legal title or can be changed from the initial creation by a legal title. In this case, the legal title created either by a legal work or by any of the state bodies, may lead to the disappearance of the right. In all cases in which it is claimed that the right of real servitude can be extinguished, then it must be seen if there is any of the reasons provided by the legal doctrine. As well as regional laws, with the exception of the Kosovo LPDTS, which does not provide for any cause leading to the termination of a real servitude right, but only states that a real servitude right can be extinguished like other established rights. from a legal relationship. It would be very necessary if all the causes (reasons) which lead us to the disappearance of a right of real servitude, are mentioned in the laws.
    Keywords: real servitudes, extinction of real servitude, way of extinction, deregistration of servitude.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    7. EXTINCTION OF THE RIGHT OF REAL SERVITUDES IN KOSOVO COMPARATIVE ASPECT WITH SOME EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
        Page 57

  • Lecturer Thabo T. MAGABE; Professor Kola O. ODEKU
    Abstract:
    The doctrine of separation of powers is recognized by most civilized democratic countries. It was first presented in the Magna Carta. The doctrine dictates that power is divided into three branches of the government namely the executive, legislature, and the judiciary. For the doctrine to be implemented effectively and efficiently, there is a principle of checks and balances wherein each branch has power to exercise oversight on the others to check arbitrariness. The essence of checks and balances is to curtain and curtail any abuse of power by any of the branches. The courts have the power to interpret and apply the law and can even declare any provision of the Constitution or legislation invalid and unconstitutional. The courts wield enormous power to the extent that they have the power to review conduct of the other branches and spheres of the state and declare any of their action or conduct inconsistent with the Constitution. However, while exercising their judicial review powers, the courts too have limits or boundaries. The court cannot usurp the power of any of the other two organs of government. The only time a court might intervene in other branch is when the organ of the state has acted contrary to the Constitution. This paper accentuates that the majority judgement in the case of “Economic Freedom Fighters v Speaker of the National assembly 2018 (2) SA 571 (CC) (EFF2)” seemed to have encroached into the domain of the legislative arm of the government by not observing the limits of the judiciary in the exercise of judicial powers and therefore violated the doctrine of separation of powers. Against this backdrop, this paper concurs with the minority judgement in the case of EFF2 which held that the judiciary overarched by usurping the power and performing the functions constitutionally reserved for the parliament-the legislature. It concludes that the judiciary overreached and went beyond exercising checks and balances permitted by the Constitution in that the judiciary used its judicial power to dictate to the parliament to exercise its powers in a certain way. Whereas the Constitution reserved this power to the parliament to make its own rules in order to govern its processes.
    Keywords: separation of powers, judicial overreach, organs of state, checks and balances, South Africa.
    JEL Classification:K30, K33, K38
    8. CONCURRING WITH THE MINORITY JUDGMENT WHICH FINDS THE MAJORITY JUDGMENT TO BE JUDICIAL OVERREACH TO THE DOCTRINE OF SEPARATION OF POWERS ACCENTUATED IN THE CASE OF ECONOMIC FREEDOM FIGHTERS VS. SPEAKER OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 2018 (2) SA 571 (CC)
        Page 69

  • Lecturer Laura Hoti STATOVCI
    Abstract:
    The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of digitalization on reducing costs and time savings. The methodology used for this study is regression model and Pearson correlation analysis. Primary data were used to conduct the research with total 313 observations using Likert-scale method. Digitalization is used as independent variable while reducing costs and time savings are used as dependent variables. Based on the results at significance level at 0.000 the digitalization has significant impact on reducing costs and time savings. Public administration management, researchers and other related parties can use the results to determine the effect of digitalization on reducing costs and time savings.
    Keywords: digitalization, administration, reducing costs, time savings.
    JEL Classification:H83, K23
    9. THE IMPACT OF DIGITALIZATION IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN KOSOVO
        Page 80

  • Attorney Katlego MALEKA; Lecturer Mashele RAPATSA
    Abstract:
    There is an inherent nexus between spatial planning and development, and realisation of socio-economic rights, especially in the context of transformation of South Africa’s local government on rural areas (residential settlements on the country site). Thus, this article discusses South Africa’s post-1994 legislative framework concerning spatial planning and development, with specific emphasis on the roles and functions of the Institution of Traditional Authorities (or Traditional Leaders) and elected representatives at local government. The article adopted a traditional doctrinal method, by analysing content in legal norms established through legislative framework. Significant international legal instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 supports the view that the state ought to guarantee environments that enable comprehensive realisation of the rights to health, food, housing and social security, among others. The Constitution, 1996 incorporated these norms in national legislation to ensure that spatial planning have regard to human rights. However, it has been observed that the underdevelopment inflicted under the historical homelands/bantustans establishment remain pervasive and poses threats to the effective implementation of Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act 16 of 2013. This is also compounded by noted uncertainties that culminates in administrative tensions between the Traditional Leader and elected representatives at local government.
    Keywords: spatial planning, social and economic rights, rural development, communal land rights, transformation.
    JEL Classification:H83, K10, K23
    10. SOUTH AFRICA’S LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON SPATIAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT: A HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL CONTEXT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
        Page 85

  • Professor Mentor LECAJ; PhD. student Granit CURRI
    Abstract:
    Flexibility and other advantages that the International Commercial Arbitration has in resolving commercial contests has made it possible that this mechanism be one of the key factors influencing the foreign capital in the developing countries, as well as signing of a large number of contracts involving a large amount of financial means. The purpose of this paper is to focus on analyzing the advantages of the international arbitration as a credible institution with a procedural and mitigating flexibility towards other mechanisms for solving commercial contests. From the other perspective, this paper analytically explains the reasons as to why the parties avoid other procedures in solving commercial contests. The main purpose of this paper is theoretical influence in promoting this institution by specifically focusing on the importance of the advantages that this institution has as compared to the other procedures in solving the commercial contests. This study will be carried out using content analysis method wherein a number of data from various authors will be analysed (analyzing the relevant literature for this institution through which advantages and disadvantages of the Arbitrary Procedure will be explained).
    Keywords: International Commercial Arbitration, contest, global dynamics, appropriateness.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    11. ADVANTAGES OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION IN RESOLVING THE COMMERCIAL CONTESTS
        Page 97

  • Independent legal consultant Nqobizwe Mvelo NGEMA; Associate professor Lonias NDLOVU
    Abstract:
    In Islamic law, child custody is divided into physical custody and legal custody. Physical custody is given to a child's mother during the age of dependency, while legal custody is automatically assigned to the child's father. For a mother to qualify for custody and retain it in terms of Islamic Law, she must, among other things, not remarry. This requirement unfairly discriminates against women because the same is not expected of the father. Moreover, a mother is expected to reside in an environment where the father can visit and come back the same day. Failure to adhere to the above requirements may lead to custody being taken away from the mother. Again, this is discriminatory and leaves much room for arbitrary decisions that might not be in children's best interests. The South African Common Law regulation of child custody is more likely to promote the best interests of the child than its Islamic counterpart. In a recent landmark judgment, the South African Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) held that the failure to give full legal recognition to Muslim marriages amounted to the violation of Muslim spouses' right to equality, dignity, children's rights, and the right of access to courts. Moreover, all provisions of South Africa's Divorce Act will now apply to all Muslim marriages dissolved by divorce. Therefore, the SCA rightfully extended the Common Law position on child custody to Islamic marriages to safeguard the best interest of the child.
    Keywords: custody in Islamic law; custody in Common law; best interest of the child.
    JEL Classification:K36
    12. THE CUSTODY OF MINOR CHILDREN DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGES: A COMPARISON OF CHILD CUSTODY IN SOUTH AFRICAN ISLAMIC LAW AND COMMON LAW
        Page 102

  • Assistant professor Skender GOJANI; Assistant professor Egzonis HAJDARI
    Abstract:
    The compulsory insurance in Kosovo is more developed, whereas the voluntary one is less developed but with the development of economic-social life, the social and state policies on the insurance (health and other types of insurances) that are necessary also increase for a normal development of social life which our country was and still is in lack of. In this respect, more work and dedication are needed for the economic development of our country in order to bring about other compulsory insurances for the society. This is so due to the fact that the more developed economically the country is the more developed the insurance in that country.
    Keywords: insured case, insurance policy, prime insurance, insurance company, motor vehicle, liability, insurance.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    13. THEORETICAL ASPECTS RELATED TO THE INSURANCE CONTRACT IN KOSOVO
        Page 115

  • Professor Sedat ISMAJLI
    Abstract:
    For as long as Kosovo is not a member of the UNO and other mechanisms yet, the latter cannot ratify international conventions on human rights. But, in its constitution (Chapter II, fundamental rights and freedoms), Kosovo has included international agreements and instruments which guarantee the principles and values of human rights and fundamental rights. Kosovo has a wide range of judicial and extrajudicial structures, be it at the central level or else at the local level, whose primary mandate should be advancement and protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms set forth by the Constitution, laws and sub-legal acts. Apart from these structures, there are also other institutions and bodies which could contribute directly or indirectly in fulfilling different obligations in meeting the standards set for the human rights, for instance in the field of good leadership, the rights of minorities and that of inclusion of gender-related aspects.
    Keywords: Court, safety, protection, rights, Kosovo.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    14. JUDICIAL AND EXTRAJUDICIAL STRUCTURES ON HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO
        Page 120

  • PhD student Robert SIUCIŃSKI
    Abstract:
    This essay aims to analyze the new phenomenon of the blockchain technology from the perspective of Polish tax law. Beginning with the description of the way blockchain technology operates, the notions of decentralization , proof of work consensus, and practical immutability are expl ained. The author researches the new tax regulations in force in Poland since 1 January 2019 and focuses on revenues from cryptocurrency trading, which are classified as revenues from money capital and revenues from capital gains. The article presents a de finition of the disposal for valuable consideration of a virtual currency, explains how high is the income tax on income earned from the disposal for valuable consideration of virtual currencies, and provides an overview of the legislation related to tax d eductible expenses. Finally, some reflections on the cryptocurrency trading in the context of the pursuit of an economic activity are given.
    Keywords: Bitcoin, virtual currency, blockchain technology, mining, tax law, Polish law, revenues from money capi tal, revenues from capital gains
    JEL Classification:K23, K41
    15. BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY AND MINING PROCESS: HOW DOES POLISH TAX LAW TACKLE THE PROBLEM?
        Page 123

  • PhD. Sc. Mirsad SUHODOLLI
    Abstract:
    Teaching English in general has not only become necessary but it has also made many teachers around the world strive to find the easiest solution to this issue. The paper in question deals with the same issue but with focus on teaching and learning idioms. It tries to give a new insight into the way students understand and learn idioms more easily. It takes into consideration two main concepts: learning by and teaching idioms to the university level students putting more emphasis on the latter. Some students might even wonder why to use idioms when people could have said words/phrases or sentences others would understand more easily without having to think much about their meaning. The answer to this lies in that native speaker use idioms very often so it is almost impossible for non-native speakers to avoid using idioms when communicating with native speakers of English. This is one of the crucial points the study in question also puts emphasis on. Apart from this, ever since the war ended in Kosovo, many organizations or educational institutions such as: OSCE, UNMIK, American School of Kosovo, British Council, American University of Kosovo have made it possible that people of Kosovo get in touch with native speakers who spoke English in a more natural way by also using idioms.
    Keywords: Kosovo, English, idioms, teaching, learning, phrase.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    16. TEACHING IDIOMS TO ALBANIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN KOSOVO
        Page 130

  • Associate professor Kolë KRASNIQI
    Abstract:
    The profound economic crisis and political tensions that have reigned in the territory of former Yugoslavia during the last two decades of the previous century (XX century), and especially the circumstances of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, have influenced the creation of perceptions of social insecurity among all segments of society. These circumstances, characterized by the improper functioning of the state apparatus, the high level of corruption, the degradation of the public health system and the destruction of the education system, have enabled the unhindered activity of foreign extremist organizations in some countries of the Western Balkans. During this time, all countries in the region were gripped by crises and similar social, economic and political conflicts. In these circumstances, it was enough for a foreign extremist organization to settle in Bosnia, Albania or North Macedonia, and through ethnic ties and the common Islamic tradition that prevails in this compact geographical region, be able to extend its destructive force to other parts of the Western Balkans.Thus a large number of Islamic humanitarian and non-governmental organizations from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, State of Qatar, Kuwait and Turkey, later identified as terrorist financing organizations, have invested hundreds of millions of dollars to build a strong propaganda infrastructure, with the aim of spreading a radical ideology and inciting hatred and various religious conflicts in Bosnia, Kosovo, Albania and North Macedonia.
    Keywords: islamic terrorism, Kosovo, terrorism, extremism, islamisation, radicalism, Islam.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    17. THE THREAT OF ISLAMIC EXTREMISM IN THE WESTERN BALKANS FOR THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
        Page 137

  • PhD. student Raluca Elena ANDERCO (FERARU)
    Abstract:
    This article aims to bring to the fore the emergence of the phenomenon of precarious work, starting from the legislative enshrinement of the fundamental right to work. The need for this analysis is the result of accelerated social and economic change, and employment status is only one of the many problems facing workers in the economy, since ancient times, until now. Work is an essential factor for the existence of a society, which is why it is included in the category of fundamental rights, being enshrined in the country's Constitution itself. It could also be said that the right to work is integrated into the category of natural rights, as it gives expression to the human right to live as a result of obtaining the necessities of life. Precarious work has emerged in the context of economic development and growing job insecurity. Precarious work occupies a special place in the European work model, so it is important to analyze the reasons behind the emergence and spread of this phenomenon and also outlining a definition and its essential conditions, a concept that will become a separate legal institution.
    Keywords: the right to work, precarious work, worker, economic development, atypical form, source.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    18. THE RIGHT TO WORK AND PRECARIOUS WORK
        Page 142

  • Associate professor Adrian ȚUTUIANU; PhD. student Florina Ramona MURESAN
    Abstract:
    The judicial practice has met with the issue of the legal nature of obligations relating to settlements of quotas of 0.1% of Law no. 50/1991 regarding certification of construction works and 0.5% owed according to article 43 of Law no.10/1995 regarding quality in construction. Classification of these obligations as to whether they are of fiscal nature or not triggers significant legal consequences relating to statute of limitations, date of which late penalties are calculated and subject matter jurisdiction of the courts of law regarding settlement of disputes.
    Keywords: construction works, certification, quotas owed, tax liability, tax receivables, statute of limitations.
    JEL Classification:K33, K34
    19. LEGAL NATURE OF OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO SETTLEMENTS OF 0.1% QUOTAS OF THE VALUE OF CERTIFIED WORKS OWED ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 30 OF LAW NO. 50/1991 REGARDING CERTIFICATION OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS AND 0.5 % OWED BY VIRTUE OF ARTICLE 43 OF LAW NO. 10/1995 REGARDING QUALITY IN CONSTRUCTION. ASPECTS ON THE SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION OF THE COURTS OF LAW REGARDING SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AND STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS APPLICABLE
        Page 153

  • Lecturer Aurel Octavian PASAT
    Abstract:
    Respecting the classic opinions about the process of forming scientific notions, it should be noted that the development of forensic knowledge about the organization of crime investigation has gone from understanding the needs of practice in organizational support for disclosure and investigation of crimes and formulating a scientific idea. the field of crime investigation, in the form of a particular forensic theory. The study highlights the premises and trends in the formation of forensic doctrine in the Russian Federation on the organization of crime investigation using the system-historical approach, which provided the opportunity to understand the natural process of formation, continuous accumulation, generalization, systematization and development of crime investigation as a field of scientific knowledge.
    Keywords: scientific research, forensic doctrine, forensic investigation, forensic theory.
    JEL Classification:K14, K33
    20. FORMATION OF FORENSIC DOCTRINE ON ORGANIZATION FORENSIC INVESTIGATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
        Page 167




The Journal


ISSN 2601-7830  
ISSN–L 2601-7830 
ETHICS AND MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
Assumption of Liability Declaration

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